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BioRangers Envirothon Competition: Wildlife

Wildlife Research Resources

Wildlife Species to Study

Study Guide

For successful completion of the wildlife section, contestants should be able to:
• Identify the mammal, bird, bird, amphibian and reptile species, insect and other species listed on the "Wildlife Species to Study" (click on "Wildlife Species to Study" for the pdf file)list using mounted specimens, skins/pelts, pictures, skulls, silhouettes, decoys, wings, feathers, scats, tracks, animal sounds, or other common signs
• Identify general food habits , habitats, and habits from teeth and/or skull morphology
• Know the preferred habitat types and specific habitat requirements of the above wildlife species and the factors that affect wildlife suitability
• Know and understand basic ecological concepts and terminology including the difference between an ecosystem, community and population
• Understand wildlife population dynamics  and limiting and decimating factors of wildlife management
• Be able to identify, describe and explain adaptations of wildlife to their environment
• Understand the 3 levels of biodiversity and the implications of loss at each level
• Identify common wildlife management practices and methods that are being used to manage and improve wildlife habitat
• Understand the role of federal and state Fish and Wildlife Agencies in the management, conservation, protection, and enhancement of fish and wildlife and their habitats.
• Be familiar with finding information found within the NYS hunting safety guide and hunter education program
• Understand the environmental impact of invasive species, threat to biodiversity, and impact on native wildlife
• Understand common  land use decisions that affect wildlife population growth, environmental degradation, and habitat reduction
• Be familiar with common wildlife diseases from microbes, parasites, toxins, and other biological and physical agents
• Understand the terminology and factors that affect threatened and endangered wildlife species. Know examples of NYS species that are extinct, extirpated, endangered, threatened, and special concern
• Understand the role of the Endangered Species Act in helping to conserve endangered and threatened species. Know the organizations and agencies responsible for listing and protecting endangered species on global, federal, and state levels